Publication: Resonant Plasma Acceleration at Jupiter Driven by Satellite‐ Magnetosphere Interactions

March 5, 2024

The Juno spacecraft had previously observed intense high frequency wave emission, broadband electron and energetic proton energy distributions within magnetic flux tubes connected to Io, Europa, Ganymede, and their wakes. In this work, we report consistent enhancements in <46 keV energy proton fluxes during these satellite flux tube transit intervals. We find enhanced fluxes at discrete energies linearly separated in velocity for proton distributions within Io wake flux tubes, and both proton and electron distributions within Europa and Ganymede wake flux tubes. We propose these discrete enhancements to be a result of resonances between particles' bounce motion with standing Alfvén waves generated by the satellite‐magnetosphere interaction. We corroborate this hypothesis by comparing the bounce and field‐line resonance periods expected at the satellites' orbits. Hence, we find bounce‐resonant acceleration is a fundamental process that can accelerate particles in Jupiter's inner magnetosphere and other astrophysical plasmas.

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